Dry and/or Fruity
Different kinds of Spanish White Wine
In recent times, white wines have had a noticeable evolution, perhaps due to the quality some cellars have achieved in their products, some Galician wines such as; albariño, Ribeiro DO or the excellent Rueda verdejo, are good examples of said quality.
Therefore, white wine has become a product highly valued by connoisseurs, and has achieved an status that until recently, was only reserved for red wine.
Young white wines are generally made from green grapes of different grape varieties such as; Godello, Albariño, or Chardonnay. White wine varieties depend on the grape used to make the wine, which determines their fruity character, and the fermentation process, which is what determines the amount of sugar in the final product. Based on this, white wines can be dry, semidry, or sweet.
Dry White Wine
Dry white wines are those with an amount of sugar lower than two grams per liter. In their elaboration process fermentation is allowed to completely fish, which explains the low sugar content.
Is important to understand that dry white wines can be fruity or not, depending on the grape variety used to make the wine. Rueda verdejo, for example, is a dry white wine with a strong fruity aroma. However Galician wines made form godello or albariño grapes are dry, less aromatic, and with a lesser fruity aroma.
There are other dry white wine varieties such as those made form chardonnay grape, which are in a middle position among fruity and not fruity wines. For this reason, chardonnay wines are easily liked by white wine consumers.
Semidry White Wines
Semidry white wines have an amount of sugar ranging from fifteen to thirty grams per liter. To achieve this amounts of sugar, is necessary to stop the alcoholic fermentation process at the desired time. There are several procedures that can be followed in the cellar to stop the fermentation process. The most common procedures used are physical, specifically refrigerating or cooling the cask where the wine is fermenting.
Fermentation can also be stopped thanks to the chemical process that occurs when sulfites are added to the fermentation cask Semidry and semisweet wines, usually have the ideal temperature to be consumed, at about ten degrees Celsius or fifty degrees Fahrenheit.
Pairing suggestions for semidry white wines include soft flavor dishes such as, pastas or rice with delicate sauces, white fish, and mild flavored cheese.
Sweet White Wine
Sweet white wines are those with a sugar content greater than fifty grams per liter. This means that sweet white wine fermentation, as it occurs with semidry wines, must be stopped before it is completed.
Nevertheless, there are other ways to increase the sugar level in the wine, one way can be, adding unfermented grape must or juice to the white wine. Some cellars that make these kinds of wine, use sun dried grapes to make it. These grapes can be left to sun dry on the vine and delay the harvest, or they can be sun dried once harvested. In both cases, the sugar content can be up to thirty-five percent greater than the sugar content of grapes from conventional harvests. On that account, once the fermentation finalizes, the wine’s sugar content, has reached the desired levels.
Sweet white wines are suggested to be paired with desserts, although they can also be consumed accompanied by lightly salted appetizers.
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“Peniciline cures, but wine makes people happy” - (Sir Alexander Fleming)